Jenny Crusie calls it they don’t-look-down draft’. The most important issue is to get it written seo magnifier text to speech converter by pc tattletale team. Then includes polishing and editing. Some authors love this point: they could roll their sleeves up and begin thumping that book into shape. Others are not as keen. They would rather have a tooth pulled than sit down and write another word. Regrettably, a’dirty draft’ is the equivalent of a tooth with a cavity – it requires fixing or it will make a good deal of pain!

Online, Course, Training, Teacher

There are any number of things you should be looking for when you are editing. If we attempted to cover all of them here, this would be a book rather than a tipsheet.

Vary Your Sentence Beginnings

This is especially important once you’re using the first person. More than one writer has composed a distressed notice on job sent in for me to review, saying something like”I seem to be saying that I , I, I all the time… but how can I avoid it when I am composing in the first person?”
Yes, it can be a challenge. But when you learn the strategies for getting around this issue, you will find yourself automatically making the required modifications as you write.

An Example

I staggered to the bathroom, cursing the person who devised daylight saving. I had slept. Lots more sleep. I was aware, of course, an hour wouldn’t make much difference; maybe not when I had been up half the nighttime. However, what was the use of getting an hour chopped off the afternoon? I wondered whether anybody really did anything with this hour as it turned up again in the day.

We have four paragraphs beginning with”I” in the above instance, and one”I’d”. This may not appear to be a great deal in this brief sample – however when the frequency of the personal pronoun’ continued at this level, the reader would probably find it somewhat tiresome
It’s easy to change.

Look for (a) chances to just drop the term”I” and (b) methods to restructure the sentence so it’s not vital. We’ll rewrite the above: I staggered into the bathroom, cursing the man who devised daylight saving. Oh, for more sleep. Plenty more sleep. Okay, one hour wouldn’t make much difference: not when I had been up half the night.

However, what was the use of getting an hour chopped the morning off? Did anybody actually do anything with that hour as it turned up again in the day? Easy. With a few simple modifications, we’ve cut three instances of this term”I”.

Considerably more acceptable! And by tapping directly into the perspective character’s ideas instead of stating”I wondered” and”I was conscious”, we’re moving deeper into perspective, and so attaining more reader involvement. Assess carefully for your use of their personal pronoun in all of your own work.

Vary Sentence Construction

Assess your paragraphs to make sure they’re not all following the exact same structure. You saw from the preceding example how easy it is to change things around so paragraphs do not all begin with the same word. It’s just as simple to make sure they don’t all have exactly the exact same rhythm. Example

“I don’t need you to believe I’m not sympathetic,” he said, leaning on the kitchen countertops.” Of course not,” she replied, crashing down the pan in the sink. “I do understand what you’re saying,” he went on, adopting that conciliatory tone she loathed so much. “However, I have needs also.”
“Yes, I understand that, Tim,” she said through gritted teeth, blasting hot water to the skillet.

First Drafts Are for Getting Down the Thoughts.

This is getting a bit boring. There is a lot happening, but we’re almost in a state of torpor because of the predictable rhythm. Throughout this passage, we now have:
[direct speech] + [speech label ] + actions or clarification.

Let’s try a version:

“I really don’t need you to believe I am not sympathetic.” Tim leaned on the kitchen counter, idly clicking on a pencil. Alana crashed the pan down to the sink. “Obviously not.” “I do understand what you’re saying. But I have needs too.”

His voice had that conciliatory tone which made her want to slap him. “YesI know that, Tim.” She wrenched about the tap and then sent hot water blasting to the dirty pan. We have (a) altered the placement of the dialog; (b) eliminated several unnecessary speech tags and (c) relocated her response to his tone of voice to the paragraph containing her voice, not words. Small modifications – but a huge effect.

This seems simple – but judging from the thousands of scenes I’ve critiqued, it’s not quite as simple as it seems. The worst offenders are writers that like to build long, flowing sentences with lots of commas, dashes, semi-colons, and colons.


These might have been de rigeur in Jane Austen’s day, but many modern readers would doze off. Worse, they would get lost. You risk the meaning being obscured by long, unnecessarily complex sentences. It is quite probably those long paragraphs that would also be grammatically incorrect.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *